in Opinione

By Alberto Rosselli

In many of his recent speeches, Turkish President Recep Erdogan (who seems to have temporarily shelved the idea of ​​joining the EU) has dusted off the idea of ​​”rebuilding a new Turkey on the ideological basis of the Panthranian”. What is it about? And above all, how the ‘panturanism’ (Asian cultural and political movement of the early decades of the twentieth century, which aspired to the fusion of all the turanic populations, including those of Central Asia), could positively affect the ‘imperialist’ relaunch of the Anatolian country? First of all, we shed light on the term, very little known. At the beginning of the twentieth century, panturanism, understood as a nationalist ideology, was embraced by the Young Turkish Movement engaged in the work of modernizing and strengthening the now shaky Ottoman empire. The intent of the Young Turks and other Ottoman nationalist sects was to ‘westernize’ and restore ethnic-religious and political compactness to the empire and – contrary to what had been attempted by the sultans between the 14th and 17th centuries – to extend it again. the borders partly to the west, ie towards the Balkans and Europe, but also towards the central-Asian regions of the mythical Turan.In this regard, the political scientist Samuel Huntington, in his well-known book, The Clash of Civilizations, corroborates and justifies this ambition, indicating in Turkey “the possible state-guide of the Islamic world, especially Central Asia”. Eventuality, this, that if it should happen, could remove the Anatolia from the Old Continent. While continuing to turn mainly to Europe, Turkish President Recep Erdogan seems intent on playing a difficult game on two tables, to preserve the pro-Western interests of part of the ruling elite, not to displease the Islamic “belly” of the country and to project their ambitions towards a Turkish Caliphate interested in incorporating large Turkic Asian central areas. Basically, on the one hand he wants, in fact, to continue to focus on Brussels, while on the other he works to turn his country into a new modern “pantheonic empire” (consider the support he gave in May 2007 to the candidacy presidential election of an element linked to the governmental religious wing, the then Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul, strongly opposed by the military), but at the same time sensitive to the revolts of the varied Middle Eastern Islamic mosaic.As Professor Alessandro Grossato, professor of History and Institutions of South Asia at the University of Trieste and Gorizia, today as well as today, especially in view of the new international agreements for the creation of large oil pipelines that should hijack gold, illustrated well black from Central Asia to Anatolia, Turkey has for some time been accelerating, through economic and cultural agreements, a process of penetration (in reality political and ideological) in this strategic area, perhaps playing on the disagreements existing between the other powers (China , Russia, United States): hypothesis that, however, Erdogan – currently engaged in the consolidation of his leadership – seems to be willing to ‘camouflage’.